Uploading ISOs to Proxmox via the command line
Proxmox Virtual Environment allows you to run virtual machines in all shapes and forms. It features its own web-based user interface to manage VMs and the resources they use. These include ISOs, which can be uploaded so that they can be used with a VM. But what if your ISO is currently stored on a machine with access to your Proxmox server, but without an internet browser? In this case, you can use
scp to directly copy and
ssh to otherwise manage your ISOs.
The requirements are as follows:
- A Proxmox server, which can be accessed through SSH from the machine your ISO is stored on.
- Access to the
scpcommand on the uploading machine. (
scpis included with most if not all Linux distributions, and also on Windows 10 and newer with the
OpenSSH Clientfeature enabled.)
- One or more ISOs to upload, such as a custom NixOs ISO.
Within a Proxmox Virtual Environment server, ISOs are stored within the
/var/lib/vz/template/iso folder. ISOs which are placed in this folder can be mounted as virtual drives to VMs.
scp, we can copy a local ISO to this directory on the Proxmox server:
scp ./ReactOS-0.4.14-release-15-gb6088a6.iso root@pve1:/var/lib/vz/template/iso/
ReactOS-0.4.14-release-15-gb6088a6.isois the ISO to upload.
pve1is the hostname or IP of the Proxmox server.
Note: the user
root is created when installing Proxmox and is accessible via SSH by default.
Bonus: list currently available ISOs
Before or after uploading, you can check which ISOs are available using:
ssh root@pve1 "ls /var/lib/vz/template/iso"